Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease in the world. It affects around one in four people over the age of 45. Major symptoms often develop gradually and are characterized by pain, stiffness, swelling, redness, enlarged and deformed joints as well as limitation of range of motion.
What is Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is a chronic and degenerative joint disease (DJD), is a progressive disorder of the joints caused by gradual loss of cartilage. Articular cartilage exists in all joints in the body and functions as a sliding surface. This makes it easy for the different parts of the joint to slide against each other without any resistance.
From an Ayurvedic Perspective:
and according to Susruta one of the main ayurvedic scholar, “Sneha” (unctuousness, that occurs in the joints as a synovial liquid for example), is considered as the essence of Purusha (human being) and Prana (life force). Lost of this unctuousness in the body can lead to osteoarthritis in old age because of depletion of “Snehamsa” specifically due to the vitiation of Vata-dosha.
Main causes of Osteoarthritis
Vitiation of Vata-dosha
Ageing process. From the 40s is common to experience an increased dryness in the body which typical symptoms are: dry skin, constipation, cracking joints.
Wrong diet: a diet that includes large consumption of meat, dry and processed food, and low consumption of fresh vegetables and fruits, and freshly made meals.
Lack of exercise
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis it affects around one in four people over the age of 45.
An Ayurvedic approach to Osteoarthritis will require intervention from both inside and outside.
1. Diet and therapeutic herbs:
From the inside, it means to analyse the presence of AMA, toxins in the digestive system and overall in the body and introduces changes in the patient diet alongside the introduction of medicinal herbs with anti-inflammatory and detoxing properties, as Boswellia, Turmeric, Ashwagandha, Ginger, Triphala, Guggulu, Shatavari.
Adopting a diet with a low intake of meat that mainly includes the following foods:
1. Oils rich in Omega-3